About Periodontal Disease
What You Need to Know About Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums, which gradually leads to the destruction of the support of your natural teeth. This disease affects more than 80% of Americans by the age of 45.
Gum disease is caused by the accumulation of dental plaque in the mouth. Plaque bacteria create enzymes and poisons that irritate the gums, causing them to recede. Inflamed gums turn red, swell, and bleed more frequently when they are injured.
Eventually, the gums will detach from the teeth and generate pockets (spaces).
Plaque can harden and turn into a rough and porous material known as calculus (tartar).
Above and below the gum line, calculus can accumulate. The supporting gum tissue and bone that hold the teeth in place degrade as periodontal disease advances.
In the absence of treatment, this can lead to tooth decay and eventual tooth loss. The pain usually does not appear until the disease has progressed to an advanced stage.