Gum Disease

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Effects of Periodontitis on Health

Periodontal (gum) disease has been linked to heart disease and other health problems in studies.

Research indicates that gum disease may provide a greater risk for heart disease than hypertension, smoking, cholesterol, gender, or age.

According to the researchers' findings, bacteria found in diseased gums can become loose and spread throughout the body via circulation. Once bacteria reach the arteries, they can irritate them similarly to how gum tissue is irritated, resulting in arterial plaque, which can cause hardness and impair blood flow.

Gums That Are Strong and Healthy

Gums in good health are pink in color and act as a strong anchor for the teeth. Brushing and flossing should not cause bleeding or discomfort in healthy gums.

Gum disease may be treated and reversed in its early stages with regular dental examinations and daily brushing and flossing. If you want to have healthy gums, Santa Clara Dental can help. To make an appointment with Dr. Trinh in San Jose, call 408-280-7070 or use the online appointment form. Take care of your gums!

Gum Disease's Different Phases

Gingivitis

This is the first stage of gum disease known as gingivitis. Inflammation, swelling, and bleeding are all symptoms of gingivitis, which is caused by bacteria, toxins, enzymes, and other plaque byproducts irritating the gums. In most cases, gingivitis may be reversed with a combination of good dental care and a few visits to the dentist. Your gums will be able to recover if you succeed in this goal.

Periodontitis

When the tooth's bone tissue begins to degenerate, it is said to have moderate gum disease. A condition known as periodontitis happens when plaque leftovers destroy the tissues that support your teeth in the bone. As a result, the gums degrade and begin to separate from the teeth, allowing more plaque to accumulate below the gum line, leading to gum disease. As a result, the teeth' roots become more vulnerable to decay. In addition, temperature and tactile sensitivity tend to increase in patients.

Advanced Periodontitis

Gum and bone tissue have been lost to advanced periodontitis, and the teeth are losing more and more support as the periodontal ligament and bone are deteriorating. Tooth extraction is the only option when your dentist can't conserve the tooth. In the absence of treatment, advanced periodontitis may have a devastating effect on other aspects of health.

What You Need to Know About Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums, which gradually leads to the destruction of the support of your natural teeth. This disease affects more than 80% of Americans by the age of 45.

Gum disease is caused by the accumulation of dental plaque in the mouth. Plaque bacteria create enzymes and poisons that irritate the gums, causing them to recede. Inflamed gums turn red, swell, and bleed more frequently when they are injured.

Eventually, the gums will detach from the teeth and generate pockets (spaces).

Plaque can harden and turn into a rough and porous material known as calculus (tartar).

Above and below the gum line, calculus can accumulate. The supporting gum tissue and bone that hold the teeth in place degrade as periodontal disease advances.

In the absence of treatment, this can lead to tooth decay and eventual tooth loss. The pain usually does not appear until the disease has progressed to an advanced stage.

Gum Sensitivity and Periodontal Disease

When it comes to periodontal disease, resist the temptation to avoid brushing teeth that are sensitive to cold. Gum disease will always make teeth more susceptible to cold temperatures. It just becomes worse if you try to avoid them.

Any dental procedure might cause sensitivity in the teeth afterward. To let you know they've been harmed, this is what they'll do. Injuries to the nerves in a tooth, such as a tooth cavity, may cause pain. If the teeth are maintained clean, this should not last too long. The sensitivity will persist or worsen if the teeth are not cleaned regularly.

Consult your dentist if your teeth are very sensitive. These symptoms may indicate the need for root canal therapy, gum tissue grafts, desensitizing toothpaste (including potassium nitrate), or a concentrated fluoride gel (0.4 percent stannous- or 1.1 percent sodium-fluoride).

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